Instructions for Authors

Thank you for choosing to submit your paper to RISTAL. Please take the time to read and follow these instructions as closely as possible, as they will ensure we have everything required so your paper can move through peer review, production and publication smoothly.

RISTAL considers all manuscripts on the strict condition that

  • the manuscript is your own original work, and does not duplicate any other previously published work, including your own previously published work.

  • the manuscript has been submitted only to RISTAL; it is not under consideration or peer review or accepted for publication or in press or published elsewhere.


Manuscripts are accepted in English. Spelling and punctuation (American or British) should be consistent throughout the article.
For all manuscripts non-discriminatory language is mandatory. Sexist or racist terms must not be used.


A typical manuscript will not exceed 6000 words including tables, references, captions, footnotes and endnotes. Authors should include a word count with their manuscript.

Structure and Headings

Manuscripts should be compiled in the following order: title page; abstract; keywords; main text; acknowledgements; references; appendices (as appropriate); table(s) with caption(s) (on individual pages); figure caption(s) (as a list).

The structure of the article should be clarified by first-, second- and (at the most) third-level headings. Headings should be as follows: 1./1.1/1.1.1. Section headings should be concise.

Abstract and Keywords

Abstracts of 100–150 words are required for all manuscripts submitted. Each manuscript should have 3 to 6 keywords.

Tables and Figures

Please provide the highest quality figure format possible. Please be sure that all imported scanned material is scanned at the appropriate resolution: 1200 dpi for line art, 600 dpi for grayscale and 300 dpi for color.

Please embed figures in the manuscript file and, in addition, also send the figures as separate files.

Files should be saved as one of the following formats: TIFF (tagged image file format), PostScript or EPS (encapsulated PostScript), and should contain all the necessary font information and the source file of the application (e.g. CorelDraw/Mac, CorelDraw/PC).

All figures must be numbered in the order in which they appear in the manuscript (e.g. Figure 1, Figure 2). Figure captions must be saved separately, as part of the file containing the complete text of the manuscript, and numbered correspondingly. The filename for a graphic should be descriptive of the graphic, e.g. Figure 1.


RISTAL uses the APA author/date referencing style with the author’s name and year of publication inserted between brackets in the text, e.g. (Osborne 2016). The complete references should be listed alphabetically at the end of the paper, under the author’s name followed by the date of the work in parentheses.

At the end of journal references, please also insert the DOI number whenever possible.

Quotations: Please use double quotation marks, except where “a quotation is ‘within’ a quotation”. Mark omissions with […].

Example direct quote: Unterhalter (2007, p. 5) argues that “gender equality in schooling is an aspiration of global social justice.”

Paraphrase quote example: Unterhalter (2007, p. 5) suggests that equal treatment of the genders in education should be an issue of justice for every society.

Note: Include the page number when quoting the author’s exact words as well as when paraphrasing information from a specific sentence, paragraph, chapter, table or chart.

Long quotations of 40 words or more should be indented without quotation marks.

For references with two authors, give both authors’ names in every in-text reference with a comma between both names.

For references with three authors, list all the authors’ names in your first intext reference. In second and subsequent references to the same work, give only the first author’s name followed by ‘et al.’ (which stands for ‘and others’).
For example: (Chaffee, McMahon, & Stout, 2000) is followed by (Chaffee et al., 2000).

For references with four or more authors, give only the first author’s name followed by ‘et al.’ in every in-text reference.

Note that et al. should not be in italics and there should always be a full-stop after 'al'.


Please use the heading 'References' and use the APA referencing style.

Place of publication:  APA list only one place of publication.

Authors and editors: For references with three authors or editors, list all of the names. For references with four or more authors, give only the first author’s name followed by ‘et al.’

For further details on the APA referencing style please consult the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.).


All persons who have a reasonable claim to authorship must be named in the manuscript as co-authors; the corresponding author must be authorized by all co-authors to act as an agent on their behalf in all matters pertaining to publication of the manuscript, and the order of names should be agreed by all authors.

Please supply a very short biographical note for each author.

All authors of a manuscript should include their full names, affiliations, postal addresses, and email addresses on the cover page of the manuscript.


Please supply all details required by any funding and grant-awarding bodies as an Acknowledgement, e.g.: "This work was supported by the [Funding Agency] under Grant [number xxxx]."

Style guidelines

Font: Arial, 12 point, single-spaced. Please use the standard format only without further formatting of the text.

Manuscript submission

Articles should be sent by e-mail to

Reproduction of copyright material

If you wish to include any material in your manuscript in which you do not hold copyright, you must obtain written permission from the copyright owner, prior to submission. Such material may be in the form of text, data, table, illustration, photograph, line drawing, audio clip, video clip, film still, and screenshot, and any supplemental material you propose to include. This applies to direct (verbatim or facsimile) reproduction as well as “derivative reproduction” (where you have created a new figure or table which derives substantially from a copyrighted source).

You must ensure appropriate acknowledgement is given to the permission granted to you for reuse by the copyright holder in each figure or table caption. You are solely responsible for any fees which the copyright holder may charge for reuse.

Copyright and authors' rights

To assure the integrity, dissemination, and protection against copyright infringement of published articles, you will be asked to assign to RISTAL the copyright in your article.

Publication charges

Submission fee
There is no submission fee for RISTAL.
Page charges
There are no page charges for RISTAL.